The process of making a structure water-resistant is called waterproofing. A layer of waterproofing membrane is applied on the outer surface of the structure. The purpose is to stop leakage and moisture buildup.
As our building structures are vulnerable to moisture, we should use waterproofing layers in sensitive areas of a structure. The areas that are exposed to water needs waterproofing. Exterior areas like roofs, pools, dams, and interior areas like Bathrooms, toilets need waterproofing.
It is advised to waterproof every corner of your bathroom. The floor and the shower wall are the two most exposed surfaces to water in the bathroom. So you should waterproof the whole floor. Waterproof the walls up to 20 cm from the base. Waterproof the shower wall by applying waterproofing chemicals. If you notice the dampness, the other side of the wall, you can cover respective areas with waterproofing chemicals too.
The reason for waterproofing failure iswaterproofing components not placed correctly, bond breaker or primer not applied correctly, incompatible sealant, or incompatible tile adhesive usage. For perfect waterproofing, you have to work step by step with utmost caution.
Primer is an epoxy, polyurethane, or latex-based liquid used to prepare the surface for tiling, waterproofing, and paint. The use of primer expands the adhesive property. Base prepared using primer increases the longevity of tiles. Primer seals the contaminants and dust, reduces porosity and pin holding. It also helps to stop excessive residual moisture in the substrate that can affect the waterproofing membrane and cause blistering.
Bituminous waterproofing membranes are made by modifying bitumen with polymer-based plastics. These membranes are sometimes reinforced. Reinforcing bituminous waterproofing membranes increases its mechanical strength. Increased mechanical strength helps membranes to synchronize with building movement. Generally, Polyester wool and fibreglass are used to reinforce membranes.
Bitumen can withstand high temperatures. It has a very high melting point. Climatic temperatures cannot raise enough to melt bituminous waterproofing membranes. Thus, they are entirely safe to use. Boiling temperature makes the membranes soft, but their structural integrity remains unaffected.
You can apply bituminous membranes in water tanks, pools, concrete roofs and structures, highway projects, multi-level car parking. You can also use it in balconies, bathrooms, roofs, outer walls, etc.
Joint sealant is paintable but not every type. Some of the joint sealants that you can paint are Latex, Silicone, and Polyurethane. You can’t paint Epoxy and Butyl sealant.
We can use different types of tiles in pools. They are Porcelain, mosaic, ceramic, brick, and stone tiles. The pool owner can choose tiles based on the size of the pool, the colour of the tile, and the price. The texture of the tiles is another thing to consider. Smooth tiles can look fantastic, but textured tiles provide a better grip.
Porcelain and ceramic tiles are used as pool tile for a very long time.They are easy to fix and easy to clean. Also, porcelain does not absorb heat as much as the other tiles. Their surface is smooth;hence your kids are safe from any bruises. Both porcelain and ceramic tiles are excellent for paving the deck of the pool and waterline too.
Use mosaic tiles to give a vibrant look in your swimming pool. Mosaic tiles come in a variety of colours and patterns to match your backyard. Mosaictiles arepool tiles made with the combination of glass, ceramic, or porcelain to create a specific pattern. It comes in sheets and iseasy to mount on the pool’s bottom or sidewalls.
Before you start tiling your swimming pool wall, check for contaminants on the surface, like oil, dust, efflorescence, or laitance. Remove them by scrubbing. If the surface is painted, apply sandpaper to remove the paint. In case you are building a new pool,let the concrete shell dry for a full sixweeks. Apply primer on the surface of the concrete. If you are tiling over cementations rendering, let it cure for at least three weeks. Apply adhesive and add water replacement for heavy-duty applications.
There are different types of tiles available in the market. The most common types of tiles are ceramic and porcelain tiles. Tiles made of stones are marble, travertine, bluestone, and limestone tiles. Other types of tiles are glass tiles, cement tiles, mosaic tiles, metal tiles, and even resin tiles.
Shower walls are exposed to water regularly; thus, a less water-absorbing tile is necessary.Stone and porcelain tiles are perfect for this job. They don’t absorb water. Although stone tiles look classy,they need sealant regularly to maintain their sheen. So porcelain tile is a clear choice. You can also use Glazed Ceramic tiles and glass tiles in case you don’t want to go for porcelain or stone tiles.
The bathroom floor is another area that comes in daily contact with water. Any tile that absorbs less water is theright choice. You can use porcelain, vinyl, and stone tiles. They are less water absorbent. Ceramic tiles have a much higher water absorption rate so if you want to use ceramic tiles, go for glazed ceramic tile.
A tile adhesive is a unique mixture that helps the tile to stick with the surface. There are two types of adhesive available in the market. They are cement-based and premixed paste. Conditions that determine the type of adhesive arethetype of tile, i.e. stone, ceramic, or porcelain, the area, the surface beneath.
The factors that affect the bond strength of tile adhesive are- the quality of adhesive, the contact area, and the temperature and humidity of the ambience. We need to maximize the contact area. So when we are fixing the tile fix it with a twisting motion. We should press the tile with a rubber mallet to form a solid adhesive bed. These steps will help the bond strength to increase.
In low humidity conditions,water in the tile adhesive evaporates fast. Due to this, the cement cannot bond properly. Water is very much crucial for the cement to develop a strong bond with the tile. This cuts the lifespan of the tiling, at higher temperatures, the reaction of water and cement increases. Due to this, the crystals that are formed are smaller than they are formed regularly. So the favourable temperature for tiling is below 35 Degree Celsius.
Grouting is a process in which a mixture of sand, cement, and water is applied between the spaces of tiles. This keeps the tiling safe duringtile movement. Its purpose is to keep the tile structure sturdy. There are different types of grouts, like unsandedgrout, epoxy grout, etc.
When you are doing grouting first remove the excessive adhesive applied on the surface. When it is done, apply grout with the help of a rubber squeegee. Leave it for 2 hours. With the use of a damp sponge clean the grouting.
The space between two tiles which are not grouted is called a movement joint. This allowsthe tile floor movement. There aretwo types of movement joints. Field and Perimeter movement joints.A grout joint that is left ungrouted is called field movement joint. It extends from wall-to-wall. They can be filled with a flexible sealant that matches the grout colour.When you place a tile next to the wall, there should be a gap. The gap is called the Perimeter movement joint. It is the space between the tile and the wall that is left ungrouted. It doesn’t get filled by anything, but caulking is filled in it sometimes.
If you are unable to find the leakage source, then you should check if the leakage is in the grout between the tiles of the shower. Visually inspecteach part before and after the grout dampens. Remember that you are looking for a missing grout. A small hole in an existing grout can also cause leakage.
Yes, it is a costly affair. First, you have to remove the existing tiles from the shower wall. Then you have to repair the damages by applying a waterproofing membrane. Make the surface smooth so that there is no unevenness. Buy new tiles and fix them on the shower wall. This is the proper procedure to repair your shower wall. So it takes time and money to fix it.
If the water is leaking through the grout, the problem is not always in the grout joint. Check the grout joints properly. If you are unable to locate any leakage, the problem must be in the waterproofing membrane. The correct way to solve this issue is to remove and reinstall the shower pan properly.
A bathroom is a moist place, so when you are applying grout in the bathroom, it is better to use epoxy grout. It is the best option for kitchens, bathrooms, and other humid areas. Epoxy grout is stain-resistant. It does not need sealing as we see in cement grout.
When you see a hairline crack in the ceramic tile,apply clear epoxy resin on it. Take a toothpick and push the epoxy mixture in the crack. Fill the crack. This will fix the damage and stop the tile from cracking further.
When you are styling your bathroom the things you need to keep in mind is the floor and the wall tiles. They cost the most in your bathroom. You may chooseany of them according to your budget. Other components in the bathroom are bathtub, fixtures, and the shower structure. They are necessary for the bathroom. So keep these things in your mind when you are spending on your bathroom.
If your budget is small, then it is better to re-glaze your bathtub instead of replacing it. Old but tubs are usually made of cast iron and re-glazing it can last for three to four years. But if you have no constraints in the budget, then you should change the bathtub because the new one will look the best.
You can use your old tiles while renovating your bathroom. But the catch is that the tiles should be in proper condition. They should not be broken. They should not leak. Sometimes it becomes necessary if your adjoining room hasthe same tiles. It increases the aesthetic of the house.
Toowoomba Tiling is an old and well-known company. We have been in the tiling and waterproofing industry for a long time. Years of experience in this sector has only made us more versatile, knowledgeable, and passionate. We have a great team that can do your tiling effortlessly. Your experience will also be a smooth one. That is our guaranty.